Challenges and Future Prospects of Electric Vehicles Using Hybrid Energy in Bangladesh - A Case Study

Tareq Aziz, Zohar Al Dodaev, Md. Taufiq Hossain, Md. Yakub Ali Khan


The main objective of this paper is to review the current challenges and prospects of Electric Vehicles based hybrid energy in Bangladesh. Electric cars (EVs) are a viable way to lessen transportation's negative environmental effects and wean us from fossil fuels. EV adoption has a lot of promise in Bangladesh, where environmental sustainability and energy security are major concerns. However, there are a few obstacles to the general adoption of EVs, including limited infrastructure, high upfront prices, and range anxiety. The difficulties and potential benefits of EVs using hybrid energy in Bangladesh are examined in this case study. It has been reviewed the infrastructure's preparedness, present level of EV adoption, and main obstacles for implementation. In addition, it has been suggested tactics to address these issues, such as public awareness campaigns, infrastructure development, and regulatory changes. It is considered to look at how hybrid energy systems, which combine traditional power grids and renewable energy sources, can power EVs and improve energy sustainability. Bangladesh can achieve sustainable transportation goals, decrease greenhouse gas emissions, and expedite the shift to electric mobility by utilizing hybrid energy solutions and tackling systemic issues. Policymakers, industry stakeholders, and scholars can use this case study to gain important insights into how Bangladesh's energy transition and EV adoption are changing.


Electric Vehicles, Hybrid Energy, Bangladesh, Challenges, Prospects

Full Text:



A. Ghosh, “Possibilities and challenges for the inclusion of the electric vehicle (EV) to reduce the carbon footprint in the transport sector: A review,” Energies, vol. 13, no. 10, p. 2602, 2020,

M. S. Hossain, L. Kumar, M. M. Islam, J. Selvaraj, “A comprehensive review on the integration of electric vehicles for sustainable development,” Journal of Advanced Transportation, 2022,

M. S. H. Lipu et al., “Battery management, key technologies, methods, issues, and future trends of electric vehicles: A pathway toward achieving sustainable development goals,” Batteries, vol. 8, no. 9, p. 119, 2022,

R. Kumar et al., “Transforming the transportation sector: Mitigating greenhouse gas emissions through electric vehicles (EVs) and exploring sustainable pathways,” AIP Advances, vol. 14, no. 3, 2024,

R. Zhang, T. Hanaoka, “Deployment of electric vehicles in China to meet the carbon neutral target by 2060: Provincial disparities in energy systems, CO2 emissions, and cost effectiveness,” Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 170, p. 105622, 2021,

A. López-Vargas, M. Fuentes and M. Vivar, "Challenges and Opportunities of the Internet of Things for Global Development to Achieve the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals," IEEE Access, vol. 8, pp. 37202-37213, 2020,

M. M. Hossain, M. Y. A. Khan, M. A. Halim, N. S. Elme, M. N. Hussain, “A review on stability challenges and probable solution of perovskite–silicon tandem solar cells,” Signal and Image Processing Letters, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 62-71, 2023,

P. Roy, J. He, T. Zhao and Y. V. Singh, "Recent Advances of Wind-Solar Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems for Power Generation: A Review," IEEE Open Journal of the Industrial Electronics Society, vol. 3, pp. 81-104, 2022,

B. Nastasi, N. Markovska, T. Puksec, N. Duić, A. Foley, “Renewable and sustainable energy challenges to face for the achievement of Sustainable Development Goals,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 157, p. 112071, 2022,

K. A. Khatri, K. B. Shah, J. Logeshwaran, A. Shrestha, “Genetic algorithm based techno-economic optimization of an isolated hybrid energy system,” ICTACT Journal On Microelectronics, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 1447-1450, 2023,

S. Liaquat, M. F. Zia, M. Benbouzid, “Modeling and formulation of optimization problems for optimal scheduling of multi-generation and hybrid energy systems: Review and recommendations,” Electronics, vol. 10, no. 14, p. 1688, 2021,

Y. Yuan, J. Wang, X. Yan, B. Shen, T. Long, “A review of multi-energy hybrid power system for ships,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 132, p. 110081, 2020,

G. Rostirolla et al., “A survey of challenges and solutions for the integration of renewable energy in datacenters,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 155, p. 111787, 2022,

Z. Liu et al., “Artificial intelligence powered large-scale renewable integrations in multi-energy systems for carbon neutrality transition: Challenges and future perspectives,” Energy and AI, vol. 10, p. 100195, 2022,

M. S. H. Lipu et al., "Artificial Intelligence Based Hybrid Forecasting Approaches for Wind Power Generation: Progress, Challenges and Prospects," IEEE Access, vol. 9, pp. 102460-102489, 2021,

T. Saha, A. Haque, M. A. Halim, M. M. Hossain, “A Review on Energy Management of Community Microgrid with the use of Adaptable Renewable Energy Sources,” International Journal of Robotics and Control Systems, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 824-838, 2023,

W. Azam, I. Khan, S. A. Ali, “Alternative energy and natural resources in determining environmental sustainability: a look at the role of government final consumption expenditures in France,” Environmental Science and Pollution Research, vol. 30, pp. 1949-1965, 2023,

X. Li, C. J. Raorane, C. Xia, Y. Wu, T. K. N. Tran, T. Khademi, “Latest approaches on green hydrogen as a potential source of renewable energy towards sustainable energy: Spotlighting of recent innovations, challenges, and future insights,” Fuel, vol. 334, p. 126684, 2023,

A. Kasaeian, M. Javidmehr, M. R. Mirzaie, L. Fereidooni, “Integration of solid oxide fuel cells with solar energy systems: A review,” Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 224, p. 120117, 2023,

P. Gupta, S. Tripathi, S. Singh, V. S. Gupta, “MPPT-EPO optimized solar energy harvesting for maximizing the WSN lifetime,” Peer-to-Peer Networking and Applications, vol. 16, pp. 347-357, 2023,

D. Dash, “A novel two-phase energy efficient load balancing scheme for efficient data collection for energy harvesting WSNs using mobile sink,” Ad Hoc Networks, vol. 144, p. 103136, 2023,

S. E. Fallah, J. Kharbach, Z. Hammouch, A. Rezzouk, M. O. Jamil, “State of charge estimation of an electric vehicle’s battery using Deep Neural Networks: Simulation and experimental results,” Journal of Energy Storage, vol. 62, p. 106904, 2023,

M. Senyuk, M. Safaraliev, F. Kamalov, H. Sulieman, “Power System Transient Stability Assessment Based on Machine Learning Algorithms and Grid Topology,” Mathematics, vol. 11, no. 3, p. 525, 2023,

A. K. Patwary, M. A. Sayem, M. A. Hossain, M. A. Halim, “A Review of Energy Storage Systems (ESS) for Integrating Renewable Energies in Microgrids,” Control Systems and Optimization Letters, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 103-112, 2024,

M. Thirunavukkarasu, Y. Sawle, H. Lala, “A comprehensive review on optimization of hybrid renewable energy systems using various optimization techniques,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 176, p. 113192, 2023,

A. N. Niazi, N. Vasegh, A. A. M. Birjandi, “An Improved Hierarchical Control Structure for Robust Microgrid Operation and Seamless Mode Transfer under Linear and Nonlinear Loads conditions,” International Journal of Engineering, vol. 34, no. 9, pp. 2167-2179, 2021,

G. Dengler, P. Bazan, R. German, “Simulation of a Cellular Energy System including hierarchies and neighborhoods,” Energy Informatics, vol. 5, p. 51, 2022,

A. Reindl, L. Eriksson, M. Niemetz, S. Park, H. Meier, “Control Concepts for a Decentralized Battery Management System to Optimize Reliability and Battery Operation,” Proceedings of the International Renewable Energy Storage Conference (IRES 2022), vol. 16, pp. 401-421, 2023,

M. J. Mayer, A. Szilágyi, G. Gróf, “Environmental and economic multi-objective optimization of a household level hybrid renewable energy system by genetic algorithm,” Applied Energy, vol. 269, p. 115058, 2020,

A. J. Hutchinson and D. T. Gladwin, "Genetic Algorithm Optimisation of Hybrid Energy Storage System providing Dynamic Frequency Response," 2022 IEEE 31st International Symposium on Industrial Electronics (ISIE), pp. 98-103, 2022,

P. Rajesh, F. H. Shajin, K. Cherukupalli, “An efficient hybrid tunicate swarm algorithm and radial basis function searching technique for maximum power point tracking in wind energy conversion system,” Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology, 2021,

T. Wu, X. Shi, L. Liao, C. Zhou, H. Zhou, Y. Su, “A capacity configuration control strategy to alleviate power fluctuation of hybrid energy storage system based on improved particle swarm optimization,” Energies, vol. 12, no. 4, p. 642, 2019,

A. Haseltalab, F. Wani, R. R. Negenborn, “Multi-level model predictive control for all-electric ships with hybrid power generation,” International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, vol. 135, p. 107484, 2022,

L. Yang, X. Li, M. Sun and C. Sun, "Hybrid Policy-Based Reinforcement Learning of Adaptive Energy Management for the Energy Transmission-Constrained Island Group," IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, vol. 19, no. 11, pp. 10751-10762, 2023,

S. M. Mahmoudi, A. Maleki, D. R. Ochbelagh, “Optimization of a hybrid energy system with/without considering back-up system by a new technique based on fuzzy logic controller,” Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 229, p. 113723, 2021,

H. Nourianfar, H. Abdi, “Environmental/economic dispatch using a new hybridizing algorithm integrated with an effective constraint handling technique,” Sustainability, vol. 14, no. 6, p. 3173, 2022,

V. V. S. N. Murty, A. Kumar, “RETRACTED ARTICLE: Multi-objective energy management in microgrids with hybrid energy sources and battery energy storage systems,” Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems, vol. 5, no. 2, 2020,

M. R. Maghami, A. G. O. Mutambara, “Challenges associated with Hybrid Energy Systems: An artificial intelligence solution,” Energy Reports, vol. 9, pp. 924-940, 2023,

M. Aalto, K. C. Raghu, O. J. Korpinen, K. Karttunen, T. Ranta, “Modeling of biomass supply system by combining computational methods–A review article,” Applied energy, vol. 243, pp. 145-154, 2019,

M. R. Zaman, M. A. Halim, M. Y. A. Khan, S. Ibrahim, A. Haque, “Integrating Micro and Smart Grid-Based Renewable Energy Sources with the National Grid in Bangladesh-A Case Study,” Control Systems and Optimization Letters, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 75-81, 2024,

M. R. Elkadeem, M. Abd Elaziz, Z. Ullah, S. Wang and S. W. Sharshir, "Optimal Planning of Renewable Energy-Integrated Distribution System Considering Uncertainties," IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 164887-164907, 2019,

S. A. Shezan et al., “Evaluation of different optimization techniques and control strategies of hybrid microgrid: A review,” Energies, vol. 16, no. 4, p. 1792, 2023,

K. Shivam, J. C. Tzou, S. C. Wu, “A multi-objective predictive energy management strategy for residential grid-connected PV-battery hybrid systems based on machine learning technique,” Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 237, p. 114103, 2021,

M. A. Halim, M. S. Akter, S. Biswas, M. S. Rahman, “Integration of Renewable Energy Power Plants on a Large Scale and Flexible Demand in Bangladesh's Electric Grid-A Case Study,” Control Systems and Optimization Letters, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 157-168, 2023,

W. Alhakami, “Computational Study of Security Risk Evaluation in Energy Management and Control Systems Based on a Fuzzy MCDM Method,” Processes, vol. 11, no. 5, p. 1366, 2023,

Z. Ullah, S. Wang, G. Wu, M. Xiao, J. Lai, M. R. Elkadeem, “Advanced energy management strategy for microgrid using real-time monitoring interface,” Journal of Energy Storage, vol. 52, p. 104814, 2022,



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2024 Md Rakibur Zaman


Control Systems and Optimization Letters
ISSN: 2985-6116
Publisher: Peneliti Teknologi Teknik Indonesia
Address: Jl. Empu Sedah No. 12, Pringwulung, Condongcatur, Kec. Depok, Kabupaten Sleman, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia