A Comprehensive Review of Integrated Energy Management for Future Smart Energy System

Md Shopan Ali, Anik Sharma, Tamal Ahammed Joy, Md Abdul Halim


The main objective of this paper is to review the integration of energy management for future smart energy systems. The authors hope to address the developing landscape of energy management in the context of new smart energy systems in this review. The paper conducts a thorough review of integrated energy management methodologies that maximize energy generation, consumption, and distribution within these systems. The study assesses the multifarious solutions that enable effective and sustainable energy consumption by considering many components such as renewable energy sources, storage technologies, demand-side management, and grid interactions. The authors present insights into the problems and opportunities inherent in realizing the potential of future smart energy systems through an in-depth assessment of recent research, case studies, and advances in energy management. The assessment focuses on the inherent problems and opportunities associated with pursuing integrated energy management in smart energy systems. The application of cutting-edge sensing, communication, and control technologies to electrical grids has been studied to increase resilience, efficiency, and dependability. Real-time monitoring, analysis, and optimization of energy flows are made possible by the integration of cutting-edge sensors, communication systems, and control algorithms into electrical grids. Variable renewable energy sources, such solar PV and wind power, may now be seamlessly integrated into the grid thanks to advancements in renewable energy integration technologies. Case studies have shown how smart grid technologies can optimize energy management and save system costs. Integrating various DERs into grid operations has been the main focus of advancements in energy management. The paper navigates through the intricate considerations that stakeholders must make to maintain the resilience and sustainability of future energy systems, from dealing with the intermittent nature of renewable sources to maximizing energy dispatch mechanisms. The study reveals the revolutionary potential of a holistic approach to energy management by studying the changing role of digital technologies, data analytics, and predictive algorithms. Finally, this review contributes to a better knowledge of integrated energy management techniques, opening the path for a more robust, responsive, and environmentally friendly energy landscape.


Energy Management; Smart Energy; Integration; Renewable Energy; Integration Techniques; Challenges

Full Text:



P. Boza, T. Evgeniou, “Artificial intelligence to support the integration of variable renewable energy sources to the power system,” Applied Energy, vol. 290, p. 116754, 2021, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2021.116754.

S. Kakran, S. Chanana, “Smart operations of smart grids integrated with distributed generation: A review,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 81, pp. 524-535, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2017.07.045.

C. Schick, N. Klempp and K. Hufendiek, "Role and Impact of Prosumers in a Sector-Integrated Energy System with High Renewable Shares," IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 3286-3298, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1109/TPWRS.2020.3040654.

A. Balali, A. Yunusa-Kaltungo, R. Edwards, “A systematic review of passive energy consumption optimisation strategy selection for buildings through multiple criteria decision-making techniques,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 171, p. 113013, 2023, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2022.113013.

H. Zhu et al., “Key technologies for smart energy systems: Recent developments, challenges, and research opportunities in the context of carbon neutrality,” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 331, p. 129809, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.129809.

M. M. Hossain, M. Y. A. Khan, M. A. Halim, N. S. Elme, M. N. Hussain, “A Review on Stability Challenges and Probable Solution of Perovskite–Silicon Tandem Solar Cells,” Signal and Image Processing Letters, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 62-71, 2023, https://doi.org/10.31763/simple.v5i1.58.

J. Zhu, H. Dong, W. Zheng, S. Li, Y. Huang, L. Xi, “Review and prospect of data-driven techniques for load forecasting in integrated energy systems,” Applied Energy, vol. 321, p. 119269, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2022.119269.

M. N. Hussain, M. R. Zaman, M. A. Halim, M. S. Ali, M. Y. A. K. Khan, “A Comprehensive Review of Renewable and Sustainable Energy Sources with Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Advancement in Bangladesh,” Control Systems and Optimization Letters, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 1-7, 2024, https://doi.org/10.59247/csol.v2i1.59.

A. Escamilla, D. Sánchez, L. Garcia-Rodriguez, “Assessment of power-to-power renewable energy storage based on the smart integration of hydrogen and micro gas turbine technologies,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 47, no. 40, pp. 17505-17525, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2022.03.238.

M. Mansattha, H. Dao, A. Jikaraji, “Smart meter design for energy consumption monitoring of residential premises,” Journal of Applied Research on Science and Technology (JARST), vol. 22, no. 2, 2023, https://doi.org/10.60101/jarst.2023.250745.

O. Ouramdane, E. Elbouchikhi, Y. Amirat, F. L. Gall, E. S. Gooya, “Home energy management considering renewable resources, energy storage, and an electric vehicle as a backup,” Energies, vol. 15, no. 8, p. 2830, 2022, https://doi.org/10.3390/en15082830.

K. Guerra, P. Haro, R. E. Gutiérrez, A. Gómez-Barea, “Facing the high share of variable renewable energy in the power system: Flexibility and stability requirements,” Applied Energy, vol. 310, p. 118561, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2022.118561.

O. Erixno, N. A. Rahim, F. Ramadhani, N. N. Adzman, “Energy management of renewable energy-based combined heat and power systems: A review,” Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, vol. 51, p. 101944, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seta.2021.101944.

S. Jain, A. Kulkarni, Y. Sawle, “Overview of Energy Management Systems for Microgrids and Smart Grid,” Planning of Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems, Electric Vehicles and Microgrid: Modeling, Control and Optimization, pp. 61-88, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-0979-5_4.

A. Razmjoo, S. Mirjalili, M. Aliehyaei, P. A. Østergaard, A. Ahmadi, M. M. Nezhad, “Development of smart energy systems for communities: Technologies, policies and applications,” Energy, vol. 248, p. 123540, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2022.123540.

Z. Liu, Y. Cui, J. Wang, C. Yue, Y. S. Agbodjan, Y. Yang, “Multi-objective optimization of multi-energy complementary integrated energy systems considering load prediction and renewable energy production uncertainties,” Energy, vol. 254, p. 124399, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2022.124399.

X. Wen et al., “A dual energy benchmarking methodology for energy-efficient production planning and operation of discrete manufacturing systems using data mining techniques,” Energy, vol. 255, p. 124542, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2022.124542.

Y. Wang et al., “Multi-objective planning of regional integrated energy system aiming at exergy efficiency and economy,” Applied Energy, vol. 306, p. 118120, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2021.118120.

I. F. Tepe, E. Irmak, “An Integrated Energy Control System to Provide Optimum Demand Side Management of a Grid-Interactive Microgrid,” Electric Power Components and Systems, vol. 51, no. 6, pp. 619-638 2023, https://doi.org/10.1080/15325008.2023.2179690.

E. Bazdar, M. Sameti, F. Nasiri, F. Haghighat, “Compressed air energy storage in integrated energy systems: A review,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 167, p. 112701, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2022.112701.

A. O. Ali, M. R. Elmarghany, M. M. Abdelsalam, M. N. Sabry, A. M. Hamed, “Closed-loop home energy management system with renewable energy sources in a smart grid: A comprehensive review,” Journal of Energy Storage, vol. 50, p. 104609, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.est.2022.104609.

A. Rajagopalan et al., “Modernized planning of smart grid based on distributed power generations and energy storage systems using soft computing methods,” Energies, vol. 15, no. 23, p. 8889, 2022, https://doi.org/10.3390/en15238889.

A. Shufian, N. Mohammad, “Modeling and analysis of cost-effective energy management for integrated microgrids,” Cleaner Engineering and Technology, vol. 8, p. 100508, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clet.2022.100508.

J. Li, M. S. Herdem, J. Nathwani, J. Z. Wen, “Methods and applications for artificial intelligence, big data, internet-of-things, and blockchain in smart energy management,” Energy and AI, vol. 11, p. 100208, 2023, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egyai.2022.100208.

Z. Li, Y. K. Kuo, A. R. Mahmud, A. A. Nassani, M. Haffar, I. Muda, “Integration of renewable energy, environmental policy stringency, and climate technologies in realizing environmental sustainability: Evidence from OECD countries,” Renewable Energy, vol. 196, pp. 1376-1384, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2022.07.084.

H. A. Muqeet et al., “Sustainable solutions for advanced energy management system of campus microgrids: Model opportunities and future challenges,” Sensors, vol. 22, no. 6, p. 2345, 2022, https://doi.org/10.3390/s22062345.

R. Kurniawan, M. Daud and A. Hasibuan, "Impact of Intermittent Renewable Energy Generations Penetration on Harmonics in Microgrid Distribution Networks," 2022 6th International Conference on Electrical, Telecommunication and Computer Engineering (ELTICOM), pp. 30-37, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1109/ELTICOM57747.2022.10038200.

A. Z. Arsad et al., “Hydrogen energy storage integrated hybrid renewable energy systems: A review analysis for future research directions,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 47, no. 39, pp. 17285-17312, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2022.03.208.

F. R. Albogamy et al., "Real-Time Scheduling for Optimal Energy Optimization in Smart Grid Integrated With Renewable Energy Sources," IEEE Access, vol. 10, pp. 35498-35520, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2022.3161845.

P. Malik, M. Awasthi, S. Sinha, “A techno-economic investigation of grid integrated hybrid renewable energy systems,” Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, vol. 51, p. 101976, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seta.2022.101976.

Y. Wang, C. Xu, P. Yuan, “Is there a grid-connected effect of grid infrastructure on renewable energy generation? Evidence from China's upgrading transmission lines,” Energy & Environment, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 975-995, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1177/0958305X211031015.

N. Tomin et al., “Design and optimal energy management of community microgrids with flexible renewable energy sources,” Renewable Energy, vol. 183, pp. 903-921, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2021.11.024.

J. Wang et al., “Overview of Compressed Air Energy Storage and Technology Development,” Energies, vol. 10, no. 7, p. 991, 2017, https://doi.org/10.3390/en10070991.

S. A. Mansouri et al., “A multi-stage joint planning and operation model for energy hubs considering integrated demand response programs,” International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, vol. 140, p. 108103, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijepes.2022.108103.

T. Saha, A. Haque, M. A. Halim, M. M. Hossain, “A Review on Energy Management of Community Microgrid with the use of Adaptable Renewable Energy Sources,” International Journal of Robotics and Control Systems, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 824-838, 2023, https://doi.org/10.31763/ijrcs.v3i4.1009.

B. Marinescu, O. Gomis-Bellmunt, F. Dörfler, H. Schulte and L. Sigrist, "Dynamic Virtual Power Plant: A New Concept for Grid Integration of Renewable Energy Sources," IEEE Access, vol. 10, pp. 104980-104995, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2022.3205731.

V. Stennikov, E. Barakhtenko, D. Sokolov, B. Zhou, “Current state of research on the energy management and expansion planning of integrated energy systems,” Energy Reports, vol. 8, pp. 10025-10036, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egyr.2022.07.172.

Y. Huang, Y. Wang, N. Liu, “A two-stage energy management for heat-electricity integrated energy system considering dynamic pricing of Stackelberg game and operation strategy optimization,” Energy, vol. 244, p. 122576, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egyr.2022.07.172.

F. Condon, J. M. Martínez, A. M. Eltamaly, Y. C. Kim, M. A. Ahmed, “Design and Implementation of a Cloud-IoT-Based Home Energy Management System,” Sensors, vol. 23, no. 1, p. 176, 2022, https://doi.org/10.3390/s23010176.

X. Gao, B. Knueven, J. D. Siirola, D. C. Miller, A. W. Dowling, “Multiscale simulation of integrated energy system and electricity market interactions,” Applied Energy, vol. 316, p. 119017, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2022.119017.

M. A. Raza, M. M. Aman, A. G. Abro, M. A. Tunio, K. L. Khatri, M. Shahid, “Challenges and potentials of implementing a smart grid for Pakistan’s electric network,” Energy Strategy Reviews, vol. 43, p. 100941, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esr.2022.100941.

R. Kandari, N. Neeraj, A. Micallef, “Review on recent strategies for integrating energy storage systems in microgrids,” Energies, vol. 16, no. 1, p. 317, 2023, https://doi.org/10.3390/en16010317.

F. L. John, D. Lakshmi, B. S. Kumar, “An Overview of Artificial Intelligence, Big Data, and Internet of Things for Future Energy Systems,” Applications of Big Data and Artificial Intelligence in Smart Energy Systems, pp. 25-48, 2023, https://doi.org/10.1201/9781003440710-2.

M. A. Lasemi, A. Arabkoohsar, A. Hajizadeh, B. Mohammadi-Ivatloo, “A comprehensive review on optimization challenges of smart energy hubs under uncertainty factors,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 160, p. 112320, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2022.112320.

A. Q. Al-Shetwi, “Sustainable development of renewable energy integrated power sector: Trends, environmental impacts, and recent challenges,” Science of The Total Environment, vol. 822, p. 153645, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.153645.

M. N. Hussain, M. A. Halim, M. Y. A. Khan, S. Ibrahim, A. Haque, “A Comprehensive Review on Techniques and Challenges of Energy Harvesting from Distributed Renewable Energy Sources for Wireless Sensor Networks,” Control Systems and Optimization Letters, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 15-22, 2024, https://doi.org/10.59247/csol.v2i1.60.

M. M. Rana, M. Uddin, M. R. Sarkar, G. M. Shafiullah, H. Mo, M. Atef, “A review on hybrid photovoltaic–Battery energy storage system: Current status, challenges, and future directions,” Journal of Energy Storage, vol. 51, p. 104597, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.est.2022.104597.

Z. Liu, Y. Sun, C. Xing, J. Liu, Y. He, Y. Zhou, G. Zhang, “Artificial intelligence powered large-scale renewable integrations in multi-energy systems for carbon neutrality transition: Challenges and future perspectives,” Energy and AI, vol. 10, p. 100195, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egyai.2022.100195.

T. Himdi, M. Ishaque and M. J. Ikram, "Cyber Security Challenges in Distributed Energy Resources for Smart Cities," 2022 9th International Conference on Computing for Sustainable Global Development (INDIACom), pp. 788-792, 2022, https://doi.org/10.23919/INDIACom54597.2022.9763107.

A. Haque, M. N. Hussain, M. S. Ali, M. Y. A. Khan, M. A. Halim, “Technical and Economic Challenges and Future Prospects of a Smart Grid-A Case Study,” Control Systems and Optimization Letters, vol. 1, no. 3, p. 186-193, 2023, https://doi.org/10.59247/csol.v1i3.57.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.59247/csol.v2i1.77


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Anik Sharma


Control Systems and Optimization Letters
ISSN: 2985-6116
Website: https://ejournal.csol.or.id/index.php/csol
Email: alfian_maarif@ieee.org
Publisher: Peneliti Teknologi Teknik Indonesia
Address: Jl. Empu Sedah No. 12, Pringwulung, Condongcatur, Kec. Depok, Kabupaten Sleman, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia