A Thorough Analysis of the Opportunities and Challenges of Community Microgrid System Based on Renewable Energy in Bangladesh

Md Rakibur Zaman, Sudip Sarker, Md Abdul Halim, Salah Ibrahim, Abrarul Haque


The main objective of this extensive research is to assess the possible benefits and challenges related to the implementation of renewable energy-powered community microgrid systems in Bangladesh. Within the framework of Bangladesh's energy environment, the study aims to identify interesting possibilities present in such systems. Notable benefits include less reliance on traditional fossil fuels, increased accessibility to energy, and possible socioeconomic advantages for nearby populations. In addition, several issues that can prevent these microgrid systems from being deployed smoothly are carefully examined in this research. For sustained execution, these difficulties require a comprehensive and varied strategy since they involve technical complexities, economic concerns, regulatory obstacles, and social elements. Critical attention is paid to matters including community involvement, financial feasibility, regulatory frameworks, and the erratic nature of renewable energy sources. Furthermore, the research incorporates a comparative evaluation of current international community microgrid initiatives, deriving significant knowledge and lessons that are relevant to Bangladesh's particular circumstances. The study uses a comparative lens to attempt to provide useful and knowledgeable suggestions for stakeholders, energy practitioners, and policymakers who are involved in determining the future course of community microgrid projects in Bangladesh. When it comes to ecology, renewable energy sources like hydroelectric, solar, and wind power are far superior to fossil fuels. They decrease air and water pollution and emit the fewest greenhouse gases possible. Globally, there is an increasing interest in microgrid systems due to the pressing need to combat climate change, increase energy security, foster economic growth, and ensure that everyone has access to clean, dependable electricity. This paper offers a roadmap for the effective integration of community microgrid projects customized to Bangladesh's unique energy landscape, acting as a nuanced guide for strategic development.


Renewable Energy; Microgrid; Community Microgrid; Challenges; Opportunities

Full Text:



H. Chowdhury, T. Chowdhury, N. Hossain, P. Chowdhury, J. D. S Mascarenhas, M. M. K. Bhuiya, “Energy, emission, profitability, and sustainability analyses of a grid-connected solar power plant proposed in airport sites of Bangladesh: a case study,” Environmental Science and Pollution Research, vol. 28, no. 43, pp. 61369-61379, 2021, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-021-14973-5.

M. A. Halim, M. M. Hossain, M. J. Nahar, “Development of a Nonlinear Harvesting Mechanism from Wide Band Vibrations,” International Journal of Robotics and Control Systems, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 467-476, 2022, https://doi.org/10.31763/ijrcs.v2i3.524.

C. M. S. Kumar et al., “Solar energy: A promising renewable source for meeting energy demand in Indian agriculture applications,” Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, vol. 55, p. 102905, 2023, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seta.2022.102905.

M. A. Munjer, M. Z. Hasan, M. K. Hossain, M. F. Rahman, “The Obstruction and Advancement in Sustainable Energy Sector to Achieve SDG in Bangladesh,” Sustainability, vol. 15, no. 5, p. 3913, 2023, https://doi.org/10.3390/su15053913.

K. M. Kadir, M. M. Howlader, M. M. Iqbal, M. K. Alam, M. K. S. Mahmood, D. A. Rahaman, “Integration of cloud computing: a new transition for Bangladesh power grid empowerment from reliability to grid resiliency,” Energy Systems, pp. 1-28, 2023, https://doi.org/10.1007/s12667-023-00632-w.

Z. Hailiang, K. Y. Chau, M. Waqas, “Does green finance and renewable energy promote tourism for sustainable development: empirical evidence from China,” Renewable Energy, vol. 207, pp. 660-671, 2023, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2023.03.032.

R. Morales, L. G. Marín, T. Roje, V. Caquilpan, D. Sáez, A. Nuñez, “Microgrid planning based on computational intelligence methods for rural communities: A case study in the José Painecura Mapuche community, Chile,” Expert Systems with Applications, vol. 235, pp. 121179, 2024, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2023.121179.

A. Qazi et al., "Towards Sustainable Energy: A Systematic Review of Renewable Energy Sources, Technologies, and Public Opinions," IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 63837-63851, 2019, https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2906402.

E. Zigah, A. Creti, “A Comparative Analysis of Electricity Access Initiatives in Sub-Saharan Africa,” Regional Approaches to the Energy Transition: A Multidisciplinary Perspective, pp. 271-306, 2023, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-19358-3_16.

D. Kong et al., “Theoretical Analysis of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES) Considering Integrated Demand Response (IDR): A Review of the System Modelling and Optimization,” Energies, vol. 16, no. 10, p. 4129, 2023, https://doi.org/10.3390/en16104129.

R. Zhang, T. Chen, Y. Wang, M. Short, “Systems approaches for sustainable fisheries: A comprehensive review and future perspectives,” Sustainable production and consumption, vol. 41, pp. 242-252, 2023, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.spc.2023.08.013.

M. Doostizadeh, H. Jalili, A. Babaei, “A novel cooperative decentralized framework based on peer‐to‐peer energy transactions in networked microgrids to improve the resilience,” IET Renewable Power Generation, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 1224-1241, 2023, https://doi.org/10.1049/rpg2.12677.

T. D. Atmaja et al., “Integrated Management Framework for Performance Challenges in Rural Off-Grid Microgrids: Addressing Deterioration in Electrification Systems,” Evergreen, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 1968-1981, 2023, https://doi.org/10.5109/7151757.

M. N. Hussain, M. R. Zaman, M. A. Halim, M. S. Ali, M. Y. A. K. Khan, “A Comprehensive Review of Renewable and Sustainable Energy Sources with Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Advancement in Bangladesh,” Control Systems and Optimization Letters, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 1-7, 2024, https://doi.org/10.59247/csol.v2i1.59.

S. Shahzad, M. A. Abbasi, H. Ali, M. Iqbal, R. Munir, H. Kilic, “Possibilities, Challenges, and Future Opportunities of Microgrids: A Review,” Sustainability, vol. 15, no. 8, p. 6366, 2023, https://doi.org/10.3390/su15086366.

M. Abdullah-Al-Mahbub, A. R. M. T. Islam, “Current status of running renewable energy in Bangladesh and future prospect: A global comparison,” Heliyon, 2023, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e14308.

T. Saha, A. Haque, M. A. Halim, M. M. Hossain, “A Review on Energy Management of Community Microgrid with the use of Adaptable Renewable Energy Sources,” International Journal of Robotics and Control Systems, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 824-838, 2023, https://doi.org/10.31763/ijrcs.v3i4.1009.

M. Muttaqee, M. Furqan, H. Boudet, “Community response to microgrid development: Case studies from the US,” Energy Policy, vol. 181, p. 113690, 2023, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2023.113690.

J. O. Oladigbolu, M. A. M. Ramli, Y. A. Al-Turki, “Optimal Design of a Hybrid PV Solar/Micro-Hydro/Diesel/Battery Energy System for a Remote Rural Village under Tropical Climate Conditions,” Electronics, vol. 9, no. 9, p. 1491, 2020, https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics9091491.

R. Asri, H. Aki, D. Kodaira, “Optimal operation of shared energy storage on islanded microgrid for remote communities,” Sustainable Energy, Grids and Networks, vol. 35, p. 101104, 2023, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.segan.2023.101104.

S. Ahmad, M. Shafiullah, C. B. Ahmed and M. Alowaifeer, "A Review of Microgrid Energy Management and Control Strategies," IEEE Access, vol. 11, pp. 21729-21757, 2023, https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2023.3248511.

G. Liu, M. Starke, B. Xiao, X. Zhang, K. Tomsovic, “A new distributed optimization for community microgrids scheduling,” Proceedings of the 50th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, pp. 3045-3054, 2017, https://doi.org/10.24251/HICSS.2017.369.

Z. Ullah et al., “Implementation of various control methods for the efficient energy management in hybrid microgrid system,” Ain Shams Engineering Journal, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 101961, 2023, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asej.2022.101961.

M. Terkes, Z. Öztürk, A. Demirci, S. M. Tercan, “Optimal sizing and feasibility analysis of second-life battery energy storage systems for community microgrids considering carbon reduction,” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 421, p. 138507, 2023, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2023.138507.

H. A. Sajwani, B. Soudan, A. G. Olabi, “Comprehensive Review of Socio-Economic Costs and Benefits, Policy Frameworks, Market Dynamics, and Environmental Implications of Microgrid Development in the UAE,” Energies, vol. 17, no. 1, p. 70, 2023, https://doi.org/10.3390/en17010070.

A. Haque, M. N. Hussain, M. S. Ali, M. Y. A. Khan, M. A. Halim, “Technical and Economic Challenges and Future Prospects of a Smart Grid-A Case Study,” Control Systems and Optimization Letters, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 186-193, 2023, https://doi.org/10.59247/csol.v1i3.57.

M. M. Rana et al., “Applications of energy storage systems in power grids with and without renewable energy integration—A comprehensive review,” Journal of Energy Storage, vol. 68, p. 107811, 2023, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.est.2023.107811.

M. H. Saeed, W. Fangzong, B. A. Kalwar and S. Iqbal, "A Review on Microgrids’ Challenges & Perspectives," IEEE Access, vol. 9, pp. 166502-166517, 2021, https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3135083.

S. M. Hossain, S. Biswas, M. R. Raihan, “Sustainable energy transition in Bangladesh: Challenges and pathways for the future,” Engineering Reports, vol. 6, no. 1, p. e12752, 2023, https://doi.org/10.1002/eng2.12752.

M. C. Ibegbulam, O. O. Adeyemi, O.C. Fogbonjaiye, “Adoption of Solar PV in Developing Countries: Challenges and Opportunity,” International Journal of Physical Sciences Research, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 36-57, 2023, https://eajournals.org/ijpsr/vol-7-issue-1-2023/adoption-of-solar-pv-in-developing-countries-challenges-and-opportunity/.

M. A. Halim, M. S. Akter, S. Biswas, M. S. Rahman, “Integration of Renewable Energy Power Plants on a Large Scale and Flexible Demand in Bangladesh's Electric Grid-A Case Study,” Control Systems and Optimization Letters, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 157-168, 2023, https://doi.org/10.59247/csol.v1i3.48.

O. O. Babayomi et al., “A review of renewable off-grid mini-grids in Sub-Saharan Africa,” Frontiers in Energy Research, vol. 10, p. 1089025, 2023, https://doi.org/10.3389/fenrg.2022.1089025.

M. Zeyad, S. M. M. Ahmed, S. Hasan, D. M. Mahmud, “Community microgrid: an approach towards positive energy community in an urban area of Dhaka, Bangladesh,” Clean Energy, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 926-939, 2023, https://doi.org/10.1093/ce/zkad027.

J. Milner et al., “Impact on mortality of pathways to net zero greenhouse gas emissions in England and Wales: a multisectoral modelling study,” The Lancet Planetary Health, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. e128-e136, 2023, https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(22)00310-2.

M. Al-Saidi, “White knight or partner of choice? The Ukraine war and the role of the Middle East in the energy security of Europe,” Energy Strategy Reviews, vol. 49, p. 101116, 2023, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esr.2023.101116.

E. T. Sayed et al., “Renewable energy and energy storage systems. Energies,” Energies, vol. 16, no. 3, p. 1415, 2023, https://doi.org/10.3390/en16031415.

A. Allouhi, S. Rehman, M. S. Buker, Z. Said, “Recent technical approaches for improving energy efficiency and sustainability of PV and PV-T systems: A comprehensive review,” Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, vol. 56, p. 103026, 2023, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seta.2023.103026.

R. Yasmeen, X. Zhang, A. Sharif, W. U. H. Shah, M. S. Dincă, “The role of wind energy towards sustainable development in top-16 wind energy consumer countries: Evidence from STIRPAT model,” Gondwana Research, vol. 121, pp. 56-71, 2023, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gr.2023.02.024.

T. Letcher, “Chapter 1 - Why wind energy,” Wind Energy Engineering (Second Edition), pp. 3-10, 2023, https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-323-99353-1.00025-6.

T. Kalak, “Potential Use of Industrial Biomass Waste as a Sustainable Energy Source in the Future,” Energies, vol. 16, no. 4, p. 1783, 2023, https://doi.org/10.3390/en16041783.

K. V. Reddy, N. R. S. Sree, P. Ranjit, N. R. Maddela, “Biomass waste and feedstock as a source of renewable energy,” Green Approach to Alternative Fuel for a Sustainable Future, pp. 325-334, 2023, https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-824318-3.00033-3.

H. Yao, Y. Cao, Z. Ding, B. Wen, “Using grounded nonlinear energy sinks to suppress lateral vibration in rotor systems,” Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing, vol. 124, pp. 237-257, 2019, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ymssp.2019.01.054.

A. Mohammed, S. S. Refaat, S. Bayhan and H. Abu-Rub, "AC Microgrid Control and Management Strategies: Evaluation and Review," IEEE Power Electronics Magazine, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 18-31, 2019, https://doi.org/10.1109/MPEL.2019.2910292.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.59247/csol.v2i1.71


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Abrarul Haque


Control Systems and Optimization Letters
ISSN: 2985-6116
Website: https://ejournal.csol.or.id/index.php/csol
Email: alfian_maarif@ieee.org
Publisher: Peneliti Teknologi Teknik Indonesia
Address: Jl. Empu Sedah No. 12, Pringwulung, Condongcatur, Kec. Depok, Kabupaten Sleman, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia