Comprehensive Overview of Optimization Techniques in Machine Learning Training

K. Karthick


This article offers a comprehensive overview of optimization techniques employed in training machine learning (ML) models. Machine learning, a subset of artificial intelligence, employs statistical methods to enable systems to learn and improve from experience without explicit programming. The paper delineates the significance of optimization in ML, emphasizing its role in adjusting model parameters to minimize loss functions, thereby ensuring efficient model training and improved generalization. The discussion encompasses various optimization methods, including Gradient Descent Variants, Adaptive Learning Rate Methods, Second-Order Optimization Methods, Regularization Methods, Constraint-based Methods, and Bayesian Optimization. Each section elucidates the principles, applications, and benefits of these techniques, highlighting their relevance in addressing challenges such as overfitting, scalability, and computational efficiency. The article aims to guide researchers, practitioners, and enthusiasts in navigating the complex landscape of optimization techniques tailored for diverse machine learning algorithms and applications.


Optimization Techniques; Machine Learning; Gradient Descent Variants; Adaptive Learning Rate Methods; Bayesian Optimization

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Control Systems and Optimization Letters
ISSN: 2985-6116
Publisher: Peneliti Teknologi Teknik Indonesia
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